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AUGUST 21

Alexandria Travel Guide

Best of Alexandria




The city of Alexandria has several attractions and ancient sites, and more are always being discovered, whether under the sea or under the ground. Also the city of Alexandria has been the setting for events revolving around some of the most important figures in history. From Alexander and the Ptolemaic dynasty, to Cleopatra and Julius Caesar, then later Augustus, the town has an extremely rich heritage.

Pompey’s Pillar:

The Pompey’s Pillar are another of the attractions, these are remains of an ancient temple that has both Roman and Egyptian artifacts. Is the biggest memorial column in Egypt. With a height about 28 m and with a diameter at the base of 2.7 m, and towards the capital at the top it tapers to 2.3 m.

During the reign of the Roman Emperor Diocletian, erected this memorial column between 284-305A.D in honour of the Roman Emperor, as a sign of gratitude.
Pompey’s Pillar
Around the commemorative Column of Diocletian there are some monuments that can be seen. Also, in the backside, there is the remains of a Serapium, or a temple of the God Serapis, now badly damaged. The commemorative column was built during the reigns of Ptolemy II & Ptolemy III, however was damaged due to the revolts of the Jewish population in Alexandria, during the reign of the Emperor Trajan (89-118 A.D). However the commemorative column was rebuilt again during the reign of Hadrian (117-137 A.D). It was likely was destroyed, once more, after the appearance of Christianity. It consisted mainly of a high platform accessed by a staircase of 100 steps.

The Castle of Qaitbay:

The Castle of Qaitbay The Castle of Qaitbay in Alexandria is considered one of the most important defensive strongholds, not only in Egypt, but also along the Mediterranean Sea coast. It was constructed this in 1480 by The Sultan Ashraf to protect Alexandria from Ottoman attack and that formulated an important part of the fortification system of Alexandria in the 15th century.

Its four corners are oriented to the points of the compass.
In that time his Restoration began in the period of Ahmed Ibn Tulun (about 880 A.D). However during the 11th century an earthquake occurred, causing damage to the octagonal part. The bottom survived, but it could only serve as a watchtower, and a small Mosque was built on the top. In the 14th century there was a very destructive earthquake and the whole building was completely destroyed. The castle was constructed on the site of the ancient pharaohs, or lighthouse, that was originally one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.

The Roman Amphitheatre:

The Roman Amphitheatre was in Ptolemaic times a pleasure garden. The Roman Amphitheatre was used for musical performances, and sometimes also for wrestling contests. It was constructed with marble from Asia Minor, red granite from Aswan and white marble from Europe.

Also every city in ancient Rome had an amphitheatre, which means, "double theatre". They were grand and impressive, shaped in a half circle, open to the sky, and might have held 100.000 people.
The Roman Amphitheatre
The Roman Amphitheatre is situated in the modern area of Kom El-Dikaa, which is almost in the centre of the town of Alexandria, Egypt bordered by Horrya street from the west, Abdel Moneim street from the north, Nabi Daniel street from the south, and Saphia Zaghloul street from the east. Previously, the outer face of this building was probably adorned with columns located in many storey. In later times the theatre was rebuilt and its auditorium was diminished to 33.5 m in diameter. It then counted 16 rows of marble seats.





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