Alexandria lies on the north West Coast of Egypt with a population of about 4 million inhabitants. However, it occupies an important position in Egypt’s national economy. Alexandria is the second largest town in Egypt, known as "The Pearl of the Mediterranean". It has one distance it from the rest of the country although it is actually only 225 km. from Cairo.
It was Founded by Alexander the Great (king of Macedonia) in 331 BC, Alexandria became the capital of Graeco Roman Egypt. Alexandria was the home of the famous Library and the Pharos Lighthouse, one of the,7 Wonders of the Ancient World. Alexandria is a town to explore at random. It's as important to enjoy the atmosphere as it is to see the sights. However, from the 19th century Alexandria took a new role, with the commercial and maritime expansion. Also Alexandria has been immortalized by writers such as Cavaty and Forster. Alexandria is a town to explore at random. It's as important to enjoy the atmosphere as it is to see the sights.
The ancient town was about 6.4 km (about 4 mi) long, and regularly built, with streets crossing at right angles and colonnades adorning the principal streets. The most magnificent quarter of the town, called the Brucheium, was located on the eastern harbor. The northeastern quarter was occupied by the Jews. In the city the Jews came into contact with Greek learning, which profoundly influenced the later religious thought of the world; here the Greek translation of the Old Testament, called the Septuagint, was made before AD 100. Later philosophers attempted to fuse the doctrines of Christianity with the ideals of Greek philosophy.
• Located on the north West Coast of Egypt
• Population of about 4 million inhabitants.
• National economy. 40% of Egypt’s industries are located in Alexandria
• Founded 334 BC
• Country Egypt
The Modern City The modern town is located mainly on a peninsula about the mole, reaching to and including the island of Pharos, and on the portion of the mainland immediately south of the eastern harbor. The part of the modern town on the peninsula is a characteristically Egyptian town; the European quarter is on the mainland. Alexandria has had, since ancient times, 2 harbors, of which the western one is the chief commercial center and the site of the customs house and several warehouses for wool, grain, cotton and sugar. More than 80% of the imports and exports of the country pass through the town. Population (1992 estimate) 3,380,000.
Also, In the town is built on the strip of land which divides the Mediterranean from Lake Mareotis, and on a T-shaped peninsula which forms harbours east and west. However in the course of centuries it is constructed a part of the modern town.
Usually the cape at the western end of the peninsula is Ras et Tin, the eastern cape is known as Pharos or Kait Bey. However the chief warehouses and customs house are by the western harbour, but the principal buildings of the town are in the east and south east quarters. From the landing-stage, by the customs house, roads lead to the Place Mehemet Ali, the centre of the life of the town and the starting-point of the electric tramways.