Cairo the Triumphant town, While Al-Qahirah is the official name of the city, in Egyptian Arabic it is typically called simply by the name of the country, also is one of the world's largest urban areas and offers several sites to see. The city of Cairo is capital of Egypt and, close by, is almost every Egypt Pyramid, such as the Great Pyramids of Giza on the very edge of the town. But there are also ancient temples, Christian churches, tombs, magnificent Muslim monuments, and of course, the Egyptian Antiquities Museum all either within or nearby the town.
Cairo is the twenty first most populous metropolitan area in the world. It's also the most populous metropolitan area and the most populous town in Africa. Cairo provides great culture, including music halls and art galleries, such as the Cairo Opera House, as well it should, being one of the largest towns in the world. It also provides some of the grandest accommodations & restaurants in the world, such as the Four Seasons and the Cairo Marriott.
The History of Cairo
The town of Cairo is very famous for its own history, preserved in the fabulous medieval Islamic town & in Old Cairo & for the ancient, Pharaonic history of the country it represents. No travel to Cairo would be complete, for example, without a visit to the Giza Pyramids, to nearby Saqqara, or to the Egyptian Museum in the center of city. However the city of Cairo is one modern and ancient town.
Cairo has an incredible selection of shopping, leisure and nightlife activities. Shopping ranges from the famous Khan el-Khalili souk, largely unchanged since the 14th century, to modern air-conditioned centers displaying the latest fashions. All the bounty of the East can be here. Particularly good buys are spices, brass, silver, perfumes, gold, carpets and copperware, leatherwork, glass, ceramics and mashrabiya.
thE LARGEST CITY IN AFRICA
The twin streams of Egypt's history converge just below the Delta at Cairo, where the greatest city in the Islamic world sprawls across the Nile towards the Pyramids , those supreme monuments of antiquity. Every visitor to Egypt comes here, to reel at the Pyramids' baleful mass and the seething immensity of Cairo, with its bazaars, mosques and Citadel and extraordinary Antiquities Museum. It's equally impossible not to find yourself carried away by the streetlife, where medieval trades and customs coexist with a modern, cosmopolitan mix of Arab, African and European influences.
Cairo has been the largest city in Africa and the Middle East ever since the Mongols wasted Imperial Baghdad in 1258. Acknowledged as Umm Dunya or "Mother of the World" by medieval Arabs, and as Great Cairo by nineteenth-century Europeans, it remains, in Jan Morris's words, "one of the half-dozen supercapitals - capitals that are bigger than themselves or their countries the focus of a whole culture, an ideology or a historical moment". As Egypt has been a prize for conquerors from Alexander the Great to Rommel, so Cairo has been a fulcrum of power in the Arab world from the Crusades unto the present day. The ulema of its thousand-year-old Al-Azhar Mosque (for centuries the foremost centre of Islamic intellectual life) remains the ultimate religious authority for millions of Sunni Muslims, from Jakarta to Birmingham. Wherever Arabic is spoken, Cairo's cultural magnetism is felt. Every strand of Egyptian society knits and unravels in this febrile megalopolis.
Egyptians have two names for the city, one ancient and popular, the other Islamic and official. The foremost is Masr, meaning both the capital and the land of Egypt - an ur-city that endlessly renews itself and dominates the nation, an idea rooted in pharaonic civilization. (For Egyptians abroad, "Masr" refers to their homeland; within its borders it means the capital.) Whereas Masr is timeless, the city's other name, Al-Qahira (The Conqueror), is linked to an event: the Fatimid conquest that made this the capital of an Islamic empire stretching from the Atlantic to the Hindu Kush. The name is rarely used in everyday speech.
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