Egypt travel guide




Cairo Travel Guide

Best of Cairo

Church of St. Barbara: The St. Barbara Church is one of the most famous Gothic churches in the central Europe. Also the church of St. Barbara is one of the oldest in Cairo. It's located on the eastern part of the Babylon fort and dates back to the 5th Century, though it was rebuilt around the 11th Century. It was named after St. Barbara, who was born in the beginning of the 3rd Century in Nicomedia in Asia Minor. She converted to Christianity and refused to marry any of the aristocratic young men in Alexandria, devoting herself to serving God. However, Her father was a Pagan, who continually tortured her, and then he complained about her to the Roman governor Marcianus, who in turn severely tortured her, but she resisted and refused to leave Christianity. Finally she was killed, together with her companion Juliana.

Pyramids of Giza: One of the 7 wonders of the ancient world and now one of the wonders of the modern world too, the Pyramids of Giza are Egypt’s prime tourist attraction. There are 3 main Pyramids here, which were built in the 4th Dynasty. The Pyramids of Ancient Egypt were built as tombs for Queens and Kings, and it was the exclusive privilege to have a Pyramid tomb. However, this tradition only applied in the Old and Middle Kingdoms. Today there are more than 93 Pyramids in Egypt; the most famous ones are those at Giza.

• Admission: E£20 (each pyramid).
• Pyramid Road, 18km (11 miles) southwest of central Cairo.

Islamic Art Museum: This museum has one finest collections of Islamic art, dating from the 7th to the 19th centuries. The rooms and columns contain carved woodwork, mosaic fountains, metalwork and other architectural exhibits salvaged from crumbling mosques and mausoleums throughout Egypt. Also some of the finest pieces are situated in the central hall. Located in Midan Ahmad Mahir (Bab el-Khalq), Port Said Street, Islamic Cairo.

Khan EL Khalili Bazaar: Is one of the most interesting bazaars in Egypt and also in the whole Middle East. It was named in the 14th century. It's very famous for its unusual, typically oriental souvenirs, and handmade crafts. The Medieval atmospheres of this traditional market, together with the labyrinth layout of the streets, gives visitors o lot of pleasure and a glimpse into what medieval markets once were like.

Mosque-Madrassa of Sultan Hassan: It was built between 1356 and 1363 and encompasses a stunning courtyard, 4 madrassas (theology schools) and a mausoleum flanked by huge doors. Usually the visitors should go in the morning when the sun lights up the dark mausoleum. Actually, this is one of the largest mosques in the world and the finest early Mamluk structure in Cairo. Covering 7900 sq metres (85,000 sq ft).

Coptic Museum: Coptic Monuments are considered as a liaison between Ancient Egyptian Art during the Pharaonic and the Graeco-Roman periods on one hand and the Islamic era on the other. Located in a lovely garden within the former Roman fortress of Babylon in Egypt, the Coptic Museum features Coptic art from the Christian era (AD300-1000). Also are the exquisite Coptic textiles, carved ivories, papyri with text from the Gnostic gospels of Nag Hammadi, and Nubian paintings from the flooded villages of Lake Nassar.

The ornate rooms are decorated with beautiful mashrabiyya (carved wood) screens, fountains and painted ceilings.

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The Pyramids of Dahshour: Is situated about 30Km to the south of the Giza Pyramids, and in the southern wing of Saqqara, this area contains Pyramids of the IV and the XII Dynasties. The Pyramids of Dahshour always evoke one great part of the history of Ancient Egypt. However although this area is not a major tourist site, like the Giza Plateau, it seems to me like a wonderful book, which tells us great, glorious, events of Ancient Egyptian History.

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