Egypt travel guide




Egypt Travel Guide

Egypt Islam

Egypt is a republic with Islam as the state religion. Approximately, 90% of Egyptians are Sunni Muslims, several of whom follow local Sufi orders, and a small number are Shi'a. The majority of the population are Christians, and other percentage whom belong to the Coptic Orthodox Church. There are doubts regarding the real number of Copts but the 2006 World Factbook estimates that they constitute around of 7.6 million or 10% of the Egyptian population. Christians are geographically dispersed throughout the country, although the percentage of Christians tends to be higher in upper (southern) Egypt and some sections of Alexandria and Cairo.

Religion in Egypt

Before of the invasion of Napoleon, almost all the educational, public health, legal and social welfare issues were in the hands of religious functionaries.

Ottoman rule reinforced the public and political roles of the ulama (religious scholars), because Islam was the state religion and because political divisions in the country were based on religious divisions. During the 19th and 20th centuries, successive governments made extensive efforts to limit the role of the ulama in public life and to bring religious institutions under closer state control. The secular transformation of public life in Egypt depended on the development of a civil bureaucracy that would absorb many of the ulama's responsibilities in the country.

When, I finish the revolution of 1952, the government assumed responsibility for appointing officials to mosques and religious schools. The government mandated reform of Azhar University beginning in 1961. These reforms permitted department heads to be drawn from outside the ranks of the traditionally trained orthodox ulama.

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