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Luxor Travel Guide

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Karnak Temple

Thebes was the capital of New Kingdom Egypt. It had grown in importance throughout the Middle Kingdom, when it was a sanctuary of the god, Montu. The Temple of Karnak is the largest Temple in the World!. The complex contains a group of Temples such as the Great Temple of Amon Ra, The Temple of Khonso, The Ipt Temple, The Temple of Ptah, the Temple of Montho and the Temple of the God Osiris. A 20m high, mud brick enclosure wall, surrounded all of these buildings. Karnak Temple

The Karnak Temple is twice the size of the built-up village area, and it is the leading attraction in al-Karnak; essentially this is al-Karnak, as the term Karnak is nearly universally understood as the temple complex and not the village.

On your way towards the entrance you will find a ram-headed avenue of Sphinxes, which was built with the intention to protect the Temple. Actually there are 20 rams on each side, extending from the small harbour to the 1st Pylon, which was built during the time of King Nektanebo I. As you cross this pylon, it takes you into an Open court, whose dimensions are100m long by 80m wide, built during the 22nd Dynasty, and containing rows of bud papyrus columns.

Around of the 1st Open court, there is a huge column, which is 21m high and has a bud papyrus capital. This part is known as the kiosk of Taharqa who ruled during the 25th Dynasty. However this is the only column left from a colonnade that once had ten columns. On the left side of this Court there are 3 chapels, which were built by King Seti II for the “Triad of Thebes”. On the right side is the Temple of Ramses III. This Temple consists of a small pylon, an open court and Hypostyle hall, leading to the sanctuary.

Other Attractions:
Karnak Temple
Temple of Esna
Luxor Temple
Temple of Mut
Temple of The Ramesseum

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