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OCTOBER 17

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Aten, Great Temple of Amarna




Egypt Monuments

The Great Temple of the Aten is situated in the abandoned city of Akhetaten (modern Amarna, in Egypt). It is one of the 2 major temples in the city, the other being the Small Aten Temple.

It was Called ancient Akhetaten and was purposefully destroyed at the end of the Amarna Period by the ancient Egyptians because of the Akhenaten heresy, however also because of its location and other lucky characteristics, certain elements of the town are some of the best preserved from the New Kingdom in Egypt. However, They thought, rather than obliterating Akhenaten's memory as they wished to do, the ancient Egyptians helped it to survive.

However was, somewhat of a curse to Egyptologists, for several elements of the town could not be called typical. Not only were the temples unique, but because of the need to expedite its construction, several other aspects of the city differ from the ancient Egyptian norm as well.

The Amarna type of house is remarkably uniform, however there are hundreds of houses that have been excavated and because of their uniformity, we may derive certain characteristics that were common to all residences at Amarna.

In the Outside of the workers village, had other characteristic Amarna house was absolutely a country home on large grounds and surrounded by a courtyard comprising a garden, quarters, a kitchen and stables, all within an enclosure wall. In fact, the typical house at Amarna was more of a mansion than a city house. The walls were generally made of brick, supplemented by stone for the bases of columns and even for doorways. However the columns, roofs and staircase supports were of wood, and the floors were made of mud or of brick, that whitewashed and painted.

The houses at Amarna had a somewhat square plan, and had 2 well defined sections of private and public living areas. In the public area, it was possible to be considered a living room that developed into a broad hall, sometimes called a loggia, and a deep hall or central square hall. However also there were simply 2 broad halls. Basically, housing differed for the rich, middle class and poor in that they had two, one or no broad halls respectively.

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