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JUNE 27

Egypt Travel Guide

Dakka, Temple of Nubia




Egypt Monuments

The temple of Dakka, was dedicated to Thoth of the Sycamore Fig, was originally situated about 100 kilometers south of the Aswan High Dam (Nubia), though much of that ancient land is covered by Lake Nasser. Dakka was known to the Egyptians as Pselqet and to the Greeks as Pselchis. Because of the impending flooding of the region as a result of the High Dam, it was moved to the site of el-Sebua, about 40 kilometers upstream, between 1962 and 1968.

Dakka, was actually begun by the Meroitic king, Akamani, which the Greeks called Ergamenes, in about 220 BC, however this date is somewhat disputed, with some scholars maintaining that it dates as earlier as Ptolemy II Philadelphus 282 - 246. Though, it's more likely that, while Akamani may have been alive early in the reign of Ptolomy II Philadelphus, it's more likely that the temple dates to the reign of Ptolomy IV Philopator 222 - 205.

Irregardless, together with his son named Arka (probably Argamani), it is construction appears to have become a combined effort between these Nubian kings and the line of Greek Pharaohs in Egypt, probably commencing with Ptolomy IV, however, its construction continued through the reigns of Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II and into the Roman rule of Augustus and Tiberius.

Actually, The temple of Dakka sits dramatically on a small bluff. Dakka is the only Nubian temple with a facade that faces to the north and oriented north-south to parallel the course of the Nile. The pylon of the temple is actually separated from the remainder of the temple due to the missing enclosure walls of the open court. Above the entrance in the pylon, a solar disk with a uraeus extends its wings. On the southern side of the temple, a small entrance leads into the interior of the pylon and to a stairway that communicates with several internal rooms.

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